1 Dozen Facts about Philippine Independence Day

I saw a couple of Philippine Flag sellers this week along President’s Avenue and it is one form of reminders for us Filipinos that Independence Day is coming.

Busy as we are, forgotten lectures from years ago in History class, what do we recall when it is Araw ng Kalayaan? Why are we free? Regardless of our mindset towards the current government, the reason behind our freedom now should be remembered with respect.

Here are just quick historical recaps why we are celebrating holiday every 12th of June:


General Emilio Aguinaldo

  1. Today we commemorate the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain on June 12, 1898.
  2. Emilio Aguinaldo declared the country’s independence at Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite.
  3. The shrine is the ancestral home of General Emilio Aguinaldo, the first President of the First Republic of the Philippines. 


    Aguinaldo Shrine

  4. From then on, the Philippine flag is raised every year at the Aguinaldo Shrine by top government officials.
  5. The National Flag of the Philippines (Pambansang Watawat ng Pilipinas) is also called the “Three Stars and a Sun”.


    The Philippine Flag

  6. The earlier design of the current Philippine flag was conceptualized by Emilio Aguinaldo during his exile in Hong Kong in 1897.
  7. The first flag unfurled during Declaration of independence is being preserved at the Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Museum in Baguio City. 
  8. The Philippine national flag has a rectangular design that consists of a white equilateral triangle, symbolizing liberty, equality and fraternity; a horizontal blue stripe for peace, truth, and justice; and a horizontal red stripe for patriotism and valor.
  9. Each of the eight sun ray represents a province with significant involvement in the 1896 Philippine Revolution against Spain. These provinces were Manila, Bulacan, Cavite, Pampanga, Tarlac, Laguna, Batangas, and Nueva Ecija
  10. Three five-pointed stars, one for each of the triangle’s points, stand for the three major islands where the revolution started: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.
  11. The first flag was sewn by Marcela Marino de Agoncillo, (June 24, 1860 – May 30, 1946), known as Mother of the Philippine Flag, with the help of her daughter Lorenza and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad (niece of our National Hero Jose Rizal).
  12. Fernando Cueto Amorsolo (May 30, 1892 – April 24, 1972) is one of the most important artists in the history of painting in the Philippines.  The detail of Fernando Amorsolo’s  The Making of the Philippine Flag depicting Agoncillo and company’s manual sewing has become one of the famous images used nowadays in remembrance of our Independence.

Amorsolo’s The Making of the Philippine Flag





Pres. Emilio Aguinaldo – by Dinwiddie Collection – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:General_Aguinaldo.jpg#/media/File:General_Aguinaldo.jpg

Aguinaldo Shrine – by CRESPO-AZORIN – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Casa_del_general_Aguinaldo_en_Cavite,_Luz%C3%B3n,_Filipinas.jpg#/media/File:Casa_del_general_Aguinaldo_en_Cavite,_Luz%C3%B3n,_Filipinas.jpg

Philippine Flag – by User: Achim1999 – http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg#/media/File:Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg

Amorsolo’s The Making of the Philippine Flag – licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amorsolo%27s_The_Making_of_the_Philippine_Flag.png#/media/File:Amorsolo%27s_The_Making_of_the_Philippine_Flag.png


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